The residents of the ghetto, lacking contact with the external world, were totally dependent on ghetto’s pathological administrative system. Ghetto administration included: Administrative Department, Housing Department, Food Allocations Department, Healthcare Department, Social Service Department and Education Department. Since September 1942 a special commission existed responsible for conducting adoptions of orphaned children. Its role was particularly important in that period, as the deportation action (Wielka Szpera) shattered numerous families – many children who avoided deportation lost their parents and remained without custody. From September to December 1942 the commission enabled adoption of 720 orphans. The adoptions were often performed within close or distant family. The commission was also in charge of material aid for the families that had orphaned children in custody, including additional food allocations for adopted orphans.